|BALUSTRADE ||handrail and a series of balusters to provide a safety barrier. |
|BEAM || horizontal sub-floor framing member supporting joists. |
|BIRDSMOUTH ||angled check in a rafter to fit over the supporting plate or beam |
|BUILDING PAPER ||(breather type) underlay which will allow water vapour to pass through. |
|BUTT JOINT ||a square-cut joint between two adjacent members. |
|BY-LAW ||a regulation made and enforced by the local authority (city council, borough council etc.) |
|CANTILEVER ||projection of a building or member beyond its support |
|CLASHING STRIP ||edging strip to one or both edges of flush doors to cover over the facing sheets’ edges and the core of the door |
|CLEAT ||member nailed to other members or elements to hold them in their correct place. |
|CODE ||local authority or national building regulations or requirements. |
|CONCRETE ||plastic mixture of aggregates, cement and water which will set to a given mould. |
|DRAINAGE || |
sealed pipework to dispose of: a. waste water (sewerage); b. stormwater
- Back vent - vent pipe which leads from a waste pipe to the open air to prevent the loss of water seal in the waste pipe.
- Gully trap - water-sealed fitting just above ground level into which the waste pipes discharge.
- Site drainage - open-jointed pipes or perforated plastic drain coil are used as sub-soil drains.
- Terminal vent - vent at or near the end of a drainage line to relieve the build-up of foul-air pressure.
|DRAWINGS || |
- Details - larger-scale details to show exactly what is required at a certain position.
- Elevations - to show the exterior views of the building in two-dimensional form. Materials to be used, window and door shapes and types, roof type, pitch and covering are all shown.
- Explanatory - sketches and drawings to pass on information regarding methods of construction to be used, fixing, weatherproofing precautions, etc.
- Pictorial - (either perspective or oblique) to give an impression of the finished building before it is constructed; to try out materials, exterior colour schemes, garden layouts.
- Plan - layout of the rooms showing all floor areas, windows, doors fixtures, fittings and services.
- Plan, site - layout of the site showing the position of the building and the positions of the services.
- Plan, site layout - layout of the whole building site, showing requirements, sun angle, wind direction.
- Secional drawings - to show how the structure is to be built. Spans, supports and weatherproofing precautions are also shown.
|EAVES ||roof overhang at the lower ends of the rafters. |
|ENAMEL ||paint with a hard surface finish. |
|FASCIA ||exterior timber trim at the lower edge of a roof to which the spouting is attached. |
|FLASHING ||waterproof material used to prevent water ingress - above windows and exterior doors, around roof projections, etc. |
|FOOTING || lower part of a foundation which transmits the building weight and loads to the ground. |
|FOUNDATIONS ||base of the building up to timber plates and bearers. |
|FRAMING TIMBER ||timber of a grade suitable for the structure of the building. No. 1 framing grade is indicated by a black dot on the end. No. 2 framing grade by a yellow dot. |
|FURNITURE ||hardware for the doors and windows: hinges, locks, handles and fittings. |
|GALVANISED ||iron or steel coated with zinc. |
|GLULAM ||timber member (beam) built up of several smaller pieces of timber glued together. |
|GREEN ||unseasoned (of timber). |
|JACK ||term used to indicate that a member is less than full-length. Thus a jack stud is not a full-length stud. |
|JAMB ||the vertical side members of a joinery frame. |
|JOISTS ||Regularly spaced framing members supporting the floor or level ceiling. |
|LINTEL ||structural member above a door or window opening. |
|NOGGING ||(dwang) short member fitted between main structural members. Used to stiffen the structural members for the attachment of linings and finishings. |
|PARTITIONS ||internal wall dividing the floor area into rooms. Can be load-bearing or not-load-bearing. |
|PELMET ||cover board above doors and windows to conceal tracks and fittings. |
|PILE ||foundation member. |
|PLATE ||horizontal timber framing member. |
|PLUMB ||upright, vertical. |
|PRIMER ||the first coat of paint over an untreated surface. |
|PURLIN ||regularly spaced horizontal roof member set out to accommodate the roofing material. |
|QUIRK ||amount showing of the edge of a joinery frame after the architrave has been applied. |
|REBATE ||recess machined out of a piece of timber to form a stop for the fitting or fixing of doors, glass, etc. |
|RIDGE ||apex of roof. |
|ROD ||(storey or set-out-rod) used to keep measurements constant. |
|SCRIBE ||marking and cutting a piece of lining or moulding to fit neatly against the adjoining surface. |
|SOAKER ||flashing over end joints of weatherboards. |
|SOFFIT ||undersurface, usually of the eaves. |
|STUCCO ||exterior solid plaster finish. |
|TEMPLATE ||a full-size pattern. |
|TEXTURE ||surface finish. |
|TRIM ||mouldings applied to the exterior and interior of a building as finishes, coverings of joints, etc. |
|TRIMMER ||framing member fixed at right-angles to other trimmed framing members to support them. |
|TRUSS ||prefabricated structural roofing element. |
|UNDERCOAT ||one or two coats of paint applied after the priming and stopping have been done and before the finish coat is applied. |
|VAPOUR BARRIER ||sheet material which inhibits the passage of water vapour. |
|VERGE ||overhang of a roof at the gable end.|